Rashid Mir*, Chandan K. Jha, Imadeldin Elfaki*, Suriya Rehman, Jamsheed Javid, Naina Khullar, Shaheena Banu and Sukh Mohinder Singh Chahal* Pages 198 - 205 ( 8 )
Aim: The microRNAs regulate the expression of multiple genes involved in diseases such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we have investigated the association between the miR-224 gene polymorphism (rs188519172A>G) and susceptibility of coronary artery disease CAD.
Methodology: Hundred CAD patients and 100-matched healthy control were included. Genotyping of the miR-224 (rs188519172A>G) polymorphism was performed using Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR).
Results: A significant difference was observed in the genotype distribution among CAD patients and healthy controls (P=0.018). The frequencies of all three genotypes GG, GA, AA reported in the patient’s samples were 33%, 66% and 01%, and in the healthy controls samples, were 16%, 82% and 2% respectively. A multivariate analysis based on logistic regression was conducted for each group to estimate the association between miR-224 rs188519172 genotypes and risk to coronary artery disease. Results show that the miR-224 (rs188519172 A>G) polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk to CAD in a codominant model, GA genotype vs. GG (OR = 0.39 (95 % CI, 0.19-0.76), RR 0.58 (0.38-0.90, P=0.006). In the dominant model, (GA+AA vs. GG), there was also a significant association with the OR=0.38 (95 % CI (0.19-0.76), RR 0.58 (0.38-0.89), and P=0.006. Whereas, in the recessive model, (GG+GA vs. AA), there was no significant association of CAD with OR=0.49 (95% CI (0.044-5.54), RR 0.74 (0.33-1.68), and P=0.48.
Conclusion: Our findings indicated that miR-224 (rs188519172) GA genotype is associated with a decreased susceptibility to CAD.
Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR), coronary artery disease, Micro-RNA polymorphism, MiR-224 (rs188519172A>G) polymorphism, gene, healthy control.
Department of Medical Lab Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Department of Human Genetics, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Institute of Research and Medical Consultation, Imam AbdulRahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Department of Medical Lab Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Department of Zoology, Mata Guri College, Punjab, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Science & Research, Bangalore, Department of Human Genetics, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab